Census 2010: Washington

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Washington

Square miles: 71,298.0 Population per sq. mile: 101.2

  • 2010 population: 6,724,540
  • 2000 population: 5,894,121
  • Total change: 830,419 (14.1%)
2010 population by race/ethnicity

Diversity Index: 46.2%
The USA TODAY Diversity Index represents the probability that two people from this area will have different ethnic backgrounds. A higher number reflects a more ethnically diverse population.

Age breakdown Median: 37.3 years old

Washington population

Race/ethnicity2010 population2010 percentage2000 population2000 percentage2000-2010 change
White5,196,36277.3%4,821,82381.8%7.8%
Black240,0423.6%190,2673.2%26.2%
American Indian/Alaska Native103,8691.5%93,3011.6%11.3%
Asian481,0677.2%322,3355.5%49.2%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander40,4750.6%23,9530.4%69.0%
Other race349,7995.2%228,9233.9%52.8%
Two or more races312,9264.7%213,5193.6%46.6%
Total6,724,540100%5,894,121100%14.1%
*Hispanic origin755,79011.2%441,5097.5%71.2%

*Residents of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

Ages 0-17

Population: 1,581,354 (23.5%)

Diversity Index: 66.6%

Ages 18+

Population: 5,143,186 (76.5%)

Diversity Index: 45.7%

Race/ethnicityAges 0-17% of 0-17 totalAges 18+% of 18+ total
White1,083,30668.5%4,113,05680.0%
Black65,7844.2%174,2583.4%
American Indian/Alaska Native30,3461.9%73,5231.4%
Asian103,5176.5%377,5507.3%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander12,8670.8%27,6080.5%
Other race131,5928.3%218,2074.2%
Two or more races153,9429.7%158,9843.1%
Total1,581,354100%5,143,186100%
*Hispanic origin299,43518.9%456,3558.9%

*Residents of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

Gender
Male2010
Population3,349,707 (49.8%)
Median age36.2
Female2010
Population3,374,833 (50.2%)
Median age38.3
Age breakdown by gender
AgePopulation% of totalMale% of male totalFemale% of female total
Under 10869,53412.9%444,79013.3%424,74412.6%
10 to 19 years900,36113.4%462,29413.8%438,06713.0%
20 to 29 years941,91014.0%483,14514.4%458,76513.6%
30 to 39 years901,99013.4%456,71313.6%445,27713.2%
40 to 49 years952,60714.2%479,09414.3%473,51314.0%
50 to 59 years948,37414.1%467,31814.0%481,05614.3%
60 to 69 years652,5619.7%317,4429.5%335,1199.9%
70 to 79 years328,8144.9%153,0854.6%175,7295.2%
80 and older228,3893.4%85,8262.6%142,5634.2%
Total6,724,540100%3,349,707100%3,374,833100%

*Residents of Hispanic origin can be of any race.

Household types
Families 2010
Avg. size 3.1
Households 1,687,455 (64.4%)
Non-families 2010
Avg. size 2.5
Households 932,621 (35.6%)
Family composition
Households ‡ 2010 % of households % of families
Husband-wife family, without children 754,308 28.8% 44.7%
Husband-wife family, with children under 18 years 534,541 20.4% n/a
Single male, no children (with other family) 58,499 2.2% 3.5%
Single male, with children under 18 years 65,903 2.5% n/a
Single female, no children (with other family) 112,204 4.3% 6.6%
Single female, with children under 18 years 162,000 6.2% n/a
Single male living alone 331,357 12.6% n/a
Single female living alone 380,262 14.5% n/a
Other non-family households (ex.: roommates) 221,002 8.4% n/a
Total 2,620,076 100% n/a
Family households 1,687,455 64.4% 100%
Families with children under 18 years 762,444 29.1% n/a
Non-family households 932,621 35.6% n/a
All households with individuals 65 years and over 597,620 22.8% n/a

‡ United States Census Bureau definitions:

Household — A household includes all of the people who occupy a housing unit. People not living in households are classified as living in group quarters. (Ex: college residence halls, skilled-nursing facilities, military barracks, …)
Family — A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.
Non-family Household — A householder living alone or with nonrelatives only.

Note: Family households and husband-wife-couple families do not include same-sex married couples even if the marriage was performed in a state issuing marriage certificates for same-sex couples. Same-sex-couple households are included in the family households category if there is at least one additional person related to the householder by birth or adoption. Same-sex-couple households with no relatives of the householder present are tabulated in nonfamily households.

Housing Units
Owner-occupied2010
Population4,363,398
Avg. household size2.6
Renter-occupied2010
Population2,221,767
Avg. household size2.4
Vacancies
Vacancy Rate2010
Owner-occupied properties2.4%
Renter-occupied properties7%
Overall vacancy rate9.2%
Housing Units2010% of total
Occupied2,620,07690.8%
Vacant265,601 9.2%
For rent72,1122.5%
Rented, but unoccupied4,8770.2%
For sale41,4171.4%
Sold, but unoccupied7,6230.3%
Seasonal use only89,9073.1%
Other vacant units49,6651.7%
Total2,885,677100%
Top 10 cities by population
CityTotal
Seattle608,660
Spokane208,916
Tacoma198,397
Vancouver161,791
Bellevue122,363
Everett103,019
Kent92,411
Yakima91,067
Renton90,927
Spokane Valley89,755

All Washington cities ›

Top 10 cities by population growth
CityPct change
Snoqualmie554.2%
Alger CDP352.8%
Lake Stevens341.3%
Moxee302.9%
DuPont234.4%
Lake Bosworth CDP227.0%
Frederickson CDP225.1%
Roy205.0%
Issaquah171.4%
Graham CDP168.8%

All Washington cities ›

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Credits: Ryan Pitts, Mike Tigas Special thanks: USA Today Census team